Acne – the different types and how to treat it

We are here to explain everything from common causes to different types and severity and the all important treatments and solutions to help combat acne and achieve better skin.

What is acne?

Acne is a skin condition that stems from the pilosebaceous gland. This is the oil gland that is attached to a hair follicle and appears at the opening in the skin. When the sebaceous gland is overactive or there is an overgrowth of one commensal type of bacteria, it can lead to inflammation and blockage of pores due to an increase in cell turnover which in turn results in the clinical manifestations of acne.

What causes acne?

There is no one single cause of acne and as explained above it involves several factors. In some cases, hormones can be the root of the cause by triggering the sebaceous glands to be more active than usual. However, there are a number of triggers that can cause this to happen and very much depend on each individual.

  • Diet: A high intake of milk and dairy, or an increase in calories, can encourage certain growth hormones to stimulate the grease gland to become more active which will then in turn cause acne to form. Try to avoid ‘binge’ eating high calorie foods and reduce your dairy intake or consider switching to non-dairy alternatives such as almond and soy products.

A poor diet can also cause low level gut inflammation which leads to a build of toxins that can worsen the skin and in particular acne. Therefore, maintaining a healthy gut that is free from toxins and introducing foods that are rich in fibres and Omega-3 will help and be beneficial for not just the gut but also the skin.